For a while, there has been a movement to question the way politics is done in Canada – from the federal government to cityÂ councils. A majorÂ concern is that money from corporations, unions and the rich can move politicians to vote against the interest of ordinaryÂ people. It can be expensive to run an election campaign and commonly,Â federal and provincial parties have chargedÂ $5,000 or $10,000, for admission toÂ an intimate soiree with a cabinet minister. It’s hard to justify such access for the rich, even if politicians claim it makes no difference. It looks as if the Wynne Liberals are seeing the light and may ban the practice.
At the Toronto City CouncilÂ level, lobbying is another contentious matter. Currently all lobbyists must be registered and a list is kept of meetings between lobbyists and councillors. Some lobbyists have now taken to hiring other companies to lobby on their behalf to conceal their activities. It’s a constant cat and mouse game that council needsÂ to address soon.
Donations to candidates’ election campaigns
Cash donations are allowed only from individuals, (and the candidate and their spouse)Â andÂ may not exceed $750 per person. If a person wishes to donate to several candidates, forÂ the same council, the total they can donate is $5000. The spending limit forÂ a campaign on things like signs, office supplies and paid staff is calculated by the number of eligible voters. In York South-Weston’s ward 11, this was aboutÂ $36,000 for the 2014 election. Surprisingly, contributionsÂ are not limited to Toronto but may come from anywhere in the province.
Questions about donors and donations:
Why do people donateÂ to candidates?
Probably because they feel that they will be heard. They may like the voting record of that councillor.Â Politicians are quick to say that their votes are not influenced by individual donations but then one must ask whyÂ don’t more ordinary citizens contribute?
What is a typical donation to a Toronto Council candidate?
It’s quite high. FewÂ donations to Toronto councillors seem to be under the $50 threshold which most people would be comfortable with. The only contribution below $200 in Ms. Nunziata’s campaign was one of $20 and that was from the Councillor herself.
Does a contribution affect the voting record of a politician?
All politicians will tell you that lobbying efforts and campaign donations make no difference. If that were true, lobbying and donations would dry up. Lobbying and donations are legal and effective ways to ‘bend the ear’ and possibly the vote of a politician.
DoÂ contributors get a rebate?
The city will refundÂ 75% ofÂ contributions up to $300 and 50% above that. A donor’s payment of $750 would cost him or her only $300 as the city would rebate $450. This means that donorsÂ from inside and outside the city have their paymentsÂ subsidized by Toronto taxpayers.
What happens to money not spent in a campaign?
Unspent campaign money and money over the campaign limit must be donated to the City to assist with the cost of donor rebates (see below). Signs and office supplies may be retained for the next election but their value will beÂ counted towardsÂ the next campaign’s expenses.
Can we find out the names of campaign donors?
The process of donations is on the public record and allÂ candidates’ campaign donations and the names of donors are available online. In the case of Ward 11, which hasÂ 34,128 eligible voters,136Â individuals, most of whom live outside the ward, donated a total of $47,320.
A breakdown ofÂ the donations to Councillor Nunziata’s campaign:
- OnlyÂ 136 peopleÂ donated to Ms. Nunziata’sÂ campaign.
- No person gaveÂ less than $200.
- 45% of donorÂ money comes fromÂ outside the City of Toronto.
- Less than half of the donors wereÂ eligible to voteÂ in Ward 11.
Some notable and large contributors of interest (I have attempted to findÂ the commercial or political connections of the donors) include:
- Rueben Devlin $200 – President & CEO Humber River Hospital
- Robert Deluce $300 – President of Porter Airlines
- Karla Ford $750 – Doug Fordâ€™s Wife
- Alex , Bela and Jack Matrosov $2000 – Checker Taxi
- Frances Nunziata $20
- Matthew Pantalone $750 – Developer
- David Paiva $750 – Luso Canadian Masonry Ltd.
- Cormac Oâ€™Muiri $500 – from Mississauga
- Dero Sabatini $400 Mississauga – TD Bank VP (Etobicoke)
- Marvin Sadowski $500 – Former Developer?
- Stacey Scher $600 Â – All Canadian Self Storage
- Bruno Schickedanz $750 – Developer and Woodbine horseÂ owner
- Conrad Schickedanz $250 – Developer
- Tony Scianitti $750 – Developer
- Darryl Simsovic $400 CEO – Trillium College (Private career college)
- George Seretis $400 – Easy Plastic Containers Vaughan
- John Ruddy $750 – Ottawa Developer
- Alan Tonks $200 – Former YSW MP
- Chris Tonks $300 – TDSB Trustee
- Alan Tregebov $200 – Architect
- Steven Upton $600 – Tridel
- Susan Vavaroutsos $750 – Old Mill Cadillac (Lou)
- John Ward $500 – Wards Funeral Home
- Jack Winberg $200 – Weston Hub Developer
- Hua Yang $500
It should be pointed out that every one of these donations is perfectly legal. What is up for discussion is whether extraÂ influence is obtained by the few people who make donations and whether people from outside the city should be allowed to contribute or even receive a rebate.
When aÂ tiny number of individuals provide the campaign money, do they have an undue influence? Should council candidatesÂ not seekÂ donation money from the tens of thousands of ordinary people in their wards?Â Are companiesÂ able to exert undue influence when CEO’s donate privately?Â Should the donation limit be lowered so that councillors are forced to seek more individualÂ donations? Should donations from outside the ward or the city be either banned or ineligible for a rebate?
Very few ordinary voters can afford $750 for a campaign contribution. For business owners, such a donation may be seen as a good investment regardless of the lack of a guarantee. Since there are so few contributors to most councillors’ campaigns, the $750 donors certainly stand out.
It would probably be a good idea to keep donations to a maximum ofÂ $50.00Â to forceÂ a candidate to gather a large base of support.
Another bone of contention for some is the donations to councillors from nonÂ residents.
For a more in-depth look atÂ lobbying at City Hall read this excellentÂ articleÂ written last year by Dave Meslin. He is a big proponent of ranked balloting, another movement designed to improve the way elections are run. The Province of Ontario is allowing municipalities to use ranked balloting in their elections from 2018. Unfortunately Council in its wisdom voted to support ranked balloting and then shortly afterwards voted against it.
What do you think? ShouldÂ the candidate donation limit be lowered from $750?